Bp. of London (1522–30) and then of Durham. In the divorce of Henry VIII he was one of the counsel of the Queen. Subsequently he was sympathetic to Catholic doctrine, but lacked strength of purpose, first opposing the Royal Supremacy and then accepting it. Under Edward VI his position became more difficult and he was deprived of his bishopric in 1552; he was reinstated under Mary in 1554. On Elizabeth I's accession he refused to take the Oath of Supremacy and declined to consecrate M. Parker (1559). He was deprived of his see and kept a prisoner in Lambeth Palace.
Subjects: Christianity — British History.