Members of the Movimento de Liberación Nacional (National Liberation Movement) in Uruguay. An urban guerrilla organization, it was founded in Montevideo in 1963 and led by Raúl Sendic. It sought the violent overthrow of the Uruguayan government and the establishment of a socialist state. Its robberies, bombings, kidnappings and assassinations of officials continued until the early 1970s, when the movement was severely weakened by police and military repression. The Tupamaros derived their name from the 18th‐century Inca revolutionary against Spanish rule, Tupac Amarú.
Subjects: Military History — World History.