Cuthbert Hamilton Turner

(1860—1930) ecclesiastical historian and New Testament scholar

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St Polycarp (c. 69—155 ad)

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(1860–1930), patristic and NT scholar. Educated at Winchester and at New College, Oxford, he was a Fellow of Magdalen from 1889 until his death. In 1920 he was elected Dean Ireland's professor of exegesis at Oxford in succession to W. Lock; he was the first layman to hold the office. An early interest in chronology bore fruit in ‘The Day and Year of St. Polycarp's Martyrdom [Saturday, 22 Feb. 156]’, in Studia Biblica, 2 (1890), pp. 105–55; this was followed by a comprehensive article ‘Chronology of the NT’ in J. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible, 1 (1898). His main life-work was Ecclesiae Occidentalis Monumenta Iuris Antiquissima, a very painstaking and accurate edition of the early Latin ecclesiastical canons. Six fascicules (1899–1930) appeared at intervals during his life; the 7th fascicule came out in 1939, leaving the work incomplete. His writings also include Studies in Early Church History (1912), and an important essay on ‘The Apostolic Succession’ in Essays on the Early History of the Church and the Ministry (1918; ed. H. B. Swete).

From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Christianity.

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