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A system of rules, of which users are largely unconscious, that helps to ensure smooth transfers of initiative in interpersonal speech communication. It is based mainly on nonverbal behavioural cues. Visual cues include direction of gaze, eye contact, gesture, posture, head and body movement, and facial expression. Audible cues include volume, pitch, tempo, pauses, silence, inhalation, and vocal back-channels. See also regulators; turn-denying; turn-maintaining; turn-requesting; turn-suppressing; turn-yielding.

Subjects: Media Studies.

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