Thomas Turton was born in Hatfield, Yorkshire on 25 February 1780 and died in London on 7 January 1864. He had a distinguished academic career at Cambridge (Senior Wrangler 1805, MA 1808, BD 1816, DD 1827), becoming Fellow of Catharine Hall in 1806 and Lucasian Professor in 1822. He went out into a Norfolk parish in 1826 but a year later returned to Cambridge as Professor of Divinity, combining this with the deanery of Peterborough from 1830. In 1829 he was President of the University Philosophical Society. He relinquished both chair and deanery in 1842 on becoming Dean of Westminster, and in 1845 was created Bishop of Ely. Turton had a good reputation as a biblical scholar, but in much of his writing he used what were primarily philological skills to serve controversies tangential to his specialism which he would pursue with a doggedness out of proportion to the target. He was for the most part a pedantic, hidebound thinker, his horizons set by the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Church of England.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.