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One of the last pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty, probably the son of Amenophis IV, he was born around 1345 bc. In 1333 bc he became pharaoh at a young age, but reigned for only nine years until his death in 1323 bc. During this time the capital was returned to Thebes and the worship of Amen was re‐established. Tutankhamen is well known because his tomb in the Valley of the Kings (KV 62) remained intact until it was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922 and entered by Carter and Lord Carnarvon on 4 November that year. Although probably poorer than many of the great long‐reigning pharaohs, the tomb nonetheless contained a remarkable treasure (now in the Cairo Museum) and provided much detailed information about the ritual of royal burial.

Subjects: Archaeology — World History.

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