two-way avoidance conditioning

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A form of avoidance conditioning in which, typically, a conditioned stimulus such as a light is presented in one end of an alley and is followed by the delivery of foot shock that the animal can avoid or escape by shuttling to the other end of the alley; but after a period of time, the conditioned stimulus is presented at the other end of the alley, so that the animal must return to the original location in order to avoid or escape the shock. The conflict in this situation interferes with learning to such an extent that a rat typically requires dozens or hundreds of responses to learn the task, and many do not learn it at all. Also called two-way avoidance learning.

Subjects: Psychology.

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