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In mythology husband of Leda and father, real or putative, of Helen, Clytemnestra, and the Dioscuri. He succeeded eventually to the Spartan throne. When suitors came, wishing to marry Helen, Tyndareos made them take an oath to protect the marriage‐rights of the chosen bridegroom, which led in due course to the Trojan War (see homer; troy) when the Greek leaders marshalled troops to fetch back Helen after she deserted Menelaus for Paris. Hesiod says that when sacrificing to the gods Tyndareos forgot Aphrodite, so the goddess in anger made his daughters unfaithful, Helen with Paris, and Clytemnestra with Aegisthus. Tyndareos in due course bequeathed his kingdom to Menelaus. Euripides has him live long enough to bring the charge of matricide against Orestes.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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