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Type C


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A style of coping with stress or a behaviour pattern (Type C pattern) theorized to be associated with relatively poor prognosis in patients with various types of cancer. First described in 1981 in a paper presented at the American Psychological Association's Annual Conference by the US psychologist Lydia Temoshok (born 1960), the Type C pattern reflects a fragile means of coping, characterized by repression and/or decreased recognition of one's own needs and feelings, particularly anger and sadness, with reduced emotional expression and concomitant physiological dysregulation. A relation between this pattern and relatively poor prognosis in patients with malignant melanoma (skin cancer) was first reported in an article by Temoshok and colleagues in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research in 1985, and another paper authored by Temoshok was published the same year in the journal Social Science and Medicine on mechanisms of psychoneuroimmunology that might explain the medical effects. Compare Type A, Type B.

Subjects: Psychology.


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