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Kingdom of Tyre


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Dynasty of Abi-Baal

Dynasty of Itto-Baal

Notes

Chronology

Tyrian dates, which are approximate, rest on a king-list from Josephus Against Apion I.117–26, Hebrew and Assyrian synchronisms, and other evidence. For the kings from Hiram I to Pummayyonx (Pygmalion), see Cross.

Literature

Cross, F. M., “An Interpretation of the Nora Stone,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, CCVIII (1972), 13–19.Katzenstein, H. J., History of Tyre (Jerusalem, 1973).

1000–980

Abi-Baal (founder of a new royal dynasty at Tyre c.1000 b.c.)

980–946

Hiram I (son)

946–929

Baal-ezer I (son)

929–920

Abd-Ashtart (brother)

920–900

Ashtart

900–888

Dalay-Ashtart (brother)

888–879

Ashtar-rom (brother)

879

Pilles (brother)

879–847

Itto-Baal I

847–841

Baal-ezer II (son)

841–832

Mattan I (son)

832–785

Pummayyon (son)

750–740

Itto-Baal II

740–730

Hiram II

730–729

Mattan II

729–701

Eluli

701–660

Baal I

591–573

Itto-Baal III

573–564

Baal II

557–556

Baal-ezer III

556–552

Mahar-Baal

552–532

Hiram III (brother; period of uncertainty till Macedonian conquest 332 b.c.)

Subjects: History.


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