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Uddālaka Āruṇi


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A celebrated Vedic teacher and debater; a brahmin from the Kuru-Pañcāla region of northern India, he appears in the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, and both the Bṛhadāraṇyaka and Chāndogya Upaniṣads. In the latter text, he is the teacher of Yājñavalkya and the father of Śvetaketu, to whom he delivers the famous instruction concerning the world being in essence the ātman, concluding with the refrain: tat tvam asi (‘You are that’ or ‘That's how you are'). In the Kaṭha Upaniṣad, Naciketas and his father are said to be Uddālaka's descendants.

Subjects: Hinduism.


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