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One of India's ‘seven holy cities’; situated in modern Madhya Pradesh on the banks of the river Siprā, it is one of the four pilgrimage sites (tīrthas) at which, every twelve years, a Kumbh(a) Melā is held. The city has been an important political, economic, and cultural centre since Mauryan times. Kālidāsa, who may have lived there, provides a romantic evocation of the city in his Meghadūta (‘The Cloud Messenger’).

Subjects: Hinduism.

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