RC Bp. of Birmingham. A monk of Downside, in 1832 he volunteered for the mission in Australia. He organized the RC Church there, working especially among the convicts. He returned to England in 1840. On the restoration of the hierarchy in 1850 he became Bp. of Birmingham. He worked with Card. N. P. S. Wiseman to bring about the fusion of the old Catholics with recent converts and with the Italian priests of the modern congregations. At the First Vatican Council he occupied an independent position.