The UDA is the largest Loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. It was established in 1971, as an umbrella for a number of smaller ‘defence associations’, which sought to defend Protestant areas against the IRA. One of its component parts, the Ulster Freedom Fighters, carried out a consistent terrorist campaign against nationalist and republican targets, resulting in the UDA being banned in 1992. It was led by Johnny ‘Mad Dog’ Adair, who was one of the most controversial beneficiaries of the Good Friday Agreement and its amnesty terms for ‘political’ prisoners.
Subjects: European History.