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Pilgrimage to Mecca at a time other than that designated for the obligatory hajj. Often called the lesser pilgrimage. Umrah is not required of Muslims, but it is considered meritorious. Many of the basic rituals that comprise the hajj are part of the umrah as well: walking around the Kaaba seven times, running or walking between the hills of Safa and Marwa, and cutting the hair or shaving one's head.

Subjects: Islam.

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