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Únětice Culture


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A large group of early Bronze Age communities in central Europe, especially Bohemia, Bavaria, southeastern Germany, and western Poland, dating to the second half of the 3rd millennium bc. Named after a cemetery of 60 graves excavated north of Prague in the Czech Republic. Also known as the Aunjetitz Culture. The early phase seems to have developed out of the local Bell Beaker Culture and embraces a series of regional groups including Nitra (western Slovakia), Adlerberg (mid‐Rhine), Straubing (Bavaria), Marschwitz (Oder Basin), and Unterwölbling (Austria). The later or ‘classic’ Úneˇtice Culture dates to the end of the 3rd millennium bc. Burials are generally inhumations, sometimes within wooden mortuary houses under round barrows, and show marked social differentiation. The most lavish have been compared to the broadly contemporary Wessex Culture burials of southern England. One of the distinguishing features of the culture is its use of tin‐bronze metallurgy. Amongst the metal artefacts made were ogival and triangular daggers with metal hilts, flanged axes, halberds, spiral arm‐rings, solid bronze bracelets, and a variety of pins. Settlements are less well documented than cemeteries, but have produced timber houses of long rectangular plan. To the east, the Úneˇtice Culture overlaps the currency of the Nagyrév and Hatvan cultures, all within Montelius' Bronze Period I.

Subjects: Archaeology.


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