French illustrator, born in Strasbourg. His work demonstrates a subversive spirit: his classic children's book The Three Brigands (1967) brilliantly combines black humour and sentiment but also makes a political statement about anarchism and socialism. His background in Alsace has given him a particular perspective on the fraught relations between France and Germany, who have each laid claims to the territory. He dealt with these in an exhibition held in Berlin in 2000, ‘Marianne and Germania’, which included drawings made by Ungerer as a child in Colmar at the time of the Nazi occupation. In 2001 a museum of his work opened in Strasbourg.