Is the one-sided creation and enforcement of employment rules by either employers or trade unions. Unilateral regulation of the employment relationship by trade unions is now a rarity but was once an important feature of craft labour markets, where unions controlled labour supply and set wages and working practices (see strike in detail). Unilateral regulation of work and employment by the employer, in contrast, is ubiquitous and has increased in importance since the 1970s as a result of the decline of trade unions and collective bargaining. The pay and conditions of most UK workers are today set unilaterally by their employers. [See job regulation and joint regulation.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.