This term has two meanings: (1) the internal organization of trade unions; (2) the principles used to allocate union members to individual trade unions. In Japan, for instance, the dominant principle of union structure is enterprise unionism, with workers largely joining unions whose membership is confined to a single employing organization. In Germany, in contrast, the dominant principle until recently was industrial unionism, with workers being allocated to unions whose membership was confined to a single industrial sector. In the UK, union structure is complex and the pattern of union organization is highly variable (see job territory). Thus, there are enterprise, occupational, industry, and general unions, although most trade union members are found in the latter and these now constitute the dominant form.
(1) the internal organization of trade unions; (2) the principles used to allocate union members to individual trade unions.
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