An unofficial strike is one that has not been ratified by a trade union in accordance with its internal procedures. Unofficial action, therefore, is taken by union members acting independently of the formal union, and perhaps in open defiance of trade union leaders. Under current law, unofficial action is likely to be unlawful action that has not been preceded by a properly conducted strike ballot. Unlawful unofficial action of this kind must be publicly repudiated by a trade union if it is not to lose its immunity and become liable for civil action for damages from the employer. [See vicarious liability.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.