Thomas Cogswell Upham was born on 20 January1799in Rochester, New Hampshire, and died on 2 April1872in New York City. He was the oldest son of Nathaniel Upham, merchant and four-term Congressman (1816–24), and Judith Cogswell Upham. Educated in local schools, Upham attended Dartmouth College and graduated with his BA in 1818. During a religious revival at Dartmouth, he dedicated himself to God; upon graduation, he enrolled in the Andover Theological Seminary, a bastion of Congregational trinitarian orthodoxy. At Andover, he studied under Moses Stuart, a teacher of languages and biblical scholar who defended orthodox views against critical German scholarship. Upham served Stuart as an assistant in teaching Hebrew and Greek and taught classical languages himself at Philips Andover Academy. After graduation with his MA from Andover in 1821, he continued as Stuart’s assistant. At Stuart's suggestion, he translated and published an abridged Latin edition of Jahn's Biblical Archaeology (1823), with passages he translated and added from the original German edition.
From The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers in Oxford Reference.