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1 From the Dutch juffrouw, maiden, the name given to a crow's foot deadeye, a number of small lines spreading from a long wooden block and used to suspend an awning when spread over a deck. It was applicable only to vessels with two or more masts, the uphroe being secured between two masts and the lines supporting the ridge of the awning. Why the Dutch word for maiden should provide the origin of this term is obscure, except that the Dutch word for deadeye is juffer or juffrouw.

2 Large mast timbers from Norway for use in the largest ships. The term dates from the 17th century, when the sizes of ships built, both for trade and war purposes, increased significantly. The word was also used in Norway to describe a fir pole.

Subjects: Maritime History.

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