Richard Michell Upjohn


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English-born American architect, the son of Richard Upjohn. He worked closely with his father, becoming a junior partner in 1853. The earliest building for which he alone appears to have been responsible was Madison Square Presbyterian Church, New York (1853–4). He introduced an almost Rogue High Victorian Gothic style to the USA, as at the Grace Church, Manchester, NH (1860), and the spiky, rather frantic north gates of Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York (1861–5). The Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford (1872–8), a showy American interpretation of Continental Gothic Revival, with many gables, crested roofs, and an extraordinary (and somewhat incongruous) high cupola, is his most famous work. He published an influential paper on Colonial architecture in New York and the New England States in 1869.

D. Curry & Pierce (eds.) (1979);Dictionary of American Biography (1948);Placzek (ed.) (1982);Proc. of the Third Annual Convention of the AIA (Nov. 1869), 47–51;E. Upjohn, E. M. (1939)

Subjects: Architecture.

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