Upper Canada

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Upper Canada

Upper Canada

Upper and Lower Canada

Upper and Lower Canada

Trinity Western University v The Law Society of Upper Canada  [2015] ONSC 4250: Ontario Divisional Court, Canada: Marrocco ACJ, Then and Nordheimer JJ: 2 July 2015

Douglas McCalla. Consumers in the Bush: Shopping in Rural Upper Canada.

Automated SKS splitting and upper-mantle anisotropy beneath Canadian seismic stations

Macdonell, Alexander (1762–1840), vicar apostolic for Upper Canada and Roman Catholic bishop of Kingston

Three-dimensional seismic reflection investigation of the upper crustal Winagami sill complex of northwestern Alberta, Canada

In Mixed Company: Taverns and Public Life in Upper Canada. By Julia Roberts (Vancouver, Toronto: University of British Columbia Press, 2009. x plus 228 pp.)

A Comporting Sovereign, Tribes, and the Ordering of Imperial Authority in Colonial Upper Canada of the 1830s

Shaping the Upper Canadian Frontier: Environment, Society, and Culture in the Trent Valley. By Neil S. Forkey. Illustrations, maps, bibliography, index and Parallel Destinies: Canadian-American Relations West of the Rockies. By John M. Findlay and Ken S. Coates, eds. Maps, index

Land, Power and Economics on the Frontier of Upper Canada. By John Clarke (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001. x plus 752pp. $75.00)

Dispersed Relations: Americans and Canadians in Upper North America. By Reginald C. Stuart. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. xvi, 404 pp. $60.00, ISBN 978-0-8018-8785-7.)

John Clarke. Land, Power, and Economics on the Frontier of Upper Canada. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press. 2001. Pp. xxxvii, 747. $75.00

Reginald C. Stuart. Dispersed Relations: Americans and Canadians in Upper North America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, with the Woodrow Wilson Center Press. 2007. Pp. xiii, 404. $60.00

Tenants in Time: Family Strategies, Land, and Liberalism in Upper Canada, 1799–1871. By Catharine Anne Wilson (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2009. xiii plus 220 pp. $85.00)

Jeffrey L. McNairn. The Capacity to Judge: Public Opinion and Deliberative Democracy in Upper Canada, 1791–1854. Buffalo, N.Y.: University of Toronto Press. 2000. Pp. xi, 460. $75.00

Françoise Noël. Family Life and Sociability in Upper and Lower Canada, 1780–1870: A View from Diaries and Family Correspondence. Ithaca, N.Y.: McGill-Queen's University Press. 2003. Pp. xii, 372. $49.95


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Two British North American colonies or provinces (1791–1841). Following the American War of Independence (1775–83) many loyalists to the British crown came north into the British colony of Quebec. Pressure developed among the settlers in the west for separate status, which was granted by the Constitutional Act of 1791. Quebec was divided along the Ottawa River: the eastern area, with its predominantly French population was known as Lower Canada (now Quebec); the western part was called Upper Canada (now Ontario) and adopted English common law and freehold land tenure. Government in both provinces remained in the hands of a governor appointed by the British crown, advised by an appointed executive council and a legislature consisting of an appointed upper house and a lower assembly of elected representatives, who in fact wielded little power. In both provinces movements for reform developed in the 1830s and, on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837, two abortive rebellions took place led by Louis Joseph Papineau (see Papineau's Rebellion) in Lower Canada and William Lyon Mackenzie in Upper Canada. In the wake of the Durham Report of 1838, an Act of Union was passed (1840) by the British Parliament and the two provinces united to form United Canada, with a legislature in which Canada West and Canada East enjoyed equal representation. Cabinet government directly responsible to the legislature was achieved in 1848, under Lord Elgin.

Subjects: World History — History of the Americas.

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