Florence Upton

(1873—1922) illustrator and artist

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(1873–1922) Artist and illustrator, born in Flushing, New York, of English parents, educated at the National Academy of Design. She is famous for illustrating a series of thirteen texts written by her mother, Bertha Upton (1849–1912), from The Adventures of Two Dutch Dolls and a ‘Golliwogg’ (1895) to Golliwogg in the African Jungle (1909). There is some dispute as to which of them invented the name, but the Golliwogg, a gentlemanly and heroic figure in the books, became a highly popular toy, especially in Europe, where it was second only to the teddy bear. It was adopted as a brand image by the English makers of preserves James Robertson, 1910–2001, and used, negatively, as a character by Enid Blyton. From the 1960s the golliwog has been regarded as a racist creation and widely censored. See A Lark Ascends: Florence K. Upton, Artist and Illustrator (1992).

From The Oxford Companion to English Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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