Pope from 1623. Though Maffeo Barberini was essentially a ‘political’ Pope, he encouraged religious life by canonizing a number of saints and approving new orders such as the Visitation (1626), and he fostered missionary efforts by founding the Urban College of Propaganda (1627). His decrees on canonization still have a place in the present law and his revision of the Breviary remained in force until 1912. He also revised the Missal and Pontifical and reduced the number of Feasts of Obligation. Under him G. Galilei was condemned for the second time (1633) and the Augustinus of C. O. Jansen declared heretical (1642). From 1625 he favoured the policy of Card. Richelieu against the Habsburgs and deprived the Catholic League of subsidies, but he tried to prevent the alliance of France and Sweden.