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Uruk Period


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The period between about 4200 bc and 3300 bc that marked the emergence of Mesopotamian state societies, named after the long and important sequence at Uruk, Iraq. During the Uruk Period large existing settlements developed the hallmark characteristics of urban settlements, elaborate ritual centres within key cities, the development of writing systems, extensive administrative systems, the mass production of pottery and other goods, and sophisticated art. In the late Uruk Period such patterns are seen outside southern Mesopotamia to the east and northwest, setting the scene for the development of the early Dynastic Phase of Sumerian civilization in the region.

Subjects: Archaeology.


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