Name of a place on the banks of the Nairañjanā river in the vicinity of Bodhgayā. It was here that the Buddha spent six years practising austerities after taking leave of his first two teachers, Āḷāra Kālāma and Udraka Rāmaputra in order to seek his own spiritual path. During his residence at Uruvelā he was in the company of five ascetics.later known as the pañcavaggiyā monks.who later abandoned him when he renounced the practice of harsh austerities in favour of the Middle Way (madhyamā-pratipad). It was at Uruvelā that the Buddha was assailed several times by Māra. The first was on the night of his enlightenment (bodhi) under the Bodhi Tree, and on three further occasions he attempted to divert the Buddha from his ministry without success.