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Is a perception amongst workers that they have a common identity, which is opposed to that of the owners and managers of business organizations. It expresses a sense of collective difference that can embrace both cultural factors (the lifestyle and status of the two sides are dissimilar) and interests (the objectives of business owners and managers are distinct from and opposed to those of workers). An ‘us-and-them’ attitude amongst workers can therefore be distinguished from organizational commitment, when employees identify with the employing organization and its management and see themselves ‘on the same side’.

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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