(b Hailar, Manchuria, 1911; d NY, 1990). Manchurian-born composer of Russ. parentage (Amer. cit.). Settled in USA 1930. Taught at Columbia Univ. 1947–80 (prof. from 1964). Co-dir., Columbia-Princeton elec. mus. centre from 1959. Up to 1951 wrote mus. with Russ. romantic flavour, then experimented with tape-recorder comp. in collab. with Otto Luening. After that comp. mainly elec. mus., incl. scores for theatre, radio, tv, and films.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.