(b Duisburg, 28 Dec. 1904; d Santiago de Chile, 19 Feb. 1993)
German-Chilean dancer, choreographer, teacher, and director. He studied with Laban, Jooss, and Leeder and joined the Folkwang Ballet in 1927. He created the role of Standard Bearer in Jooss's The Green Table (1932) and the Libertine in his Big City. Along with the other members of the Jooss company, he fled Nazi rule in the mid-1930s and settled in England. However in 1941, following the Ballets Jooss 1940 tour to South America, he settled in Santiago with his wife Lola Botka. Together they opened a dance school at the University of Chile, out of which was born the Chilean National Ballet (Ballet Nacional Chileno). He choreographed many dance-theatre works for the company and retired in 1965 after 24 years as director. A list of his ballets includes Drosselbart, Don Juan, Petrushka, The Prodigal Son, Alotria, and Carmina Burana, his greatest success. His son Michael, a dancer and choreographer, worked in America directing the Hartford Ballet and Ballet Arizona.