A disease that can be prevented or controlled by vaccination. The term is usually applied to the infectious diseases that were formerly commonplace among infants and children, i.e., diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles, mumps, rubella, and, in high-risk groups, hepatitis B, tuberculosis (using BCG vaccine), and Haemophilus influenza Type b. Public health authorities aspire to vaccinate all vulnerable infants and children against most of these diseases. Other vaccine-preventable diseases include smallpox, typhoid, yellow fever, typhus, plague, relapsing fever, Japanese B encephalitis, and several others. For current CDC recommendations, see http://www.cdc.gov/nip/diseases/child-vpd.htm.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.