An art periodical published in Rome from 1918 to 1921 in both Italian and French editions (it was originally a monthly but became bi-monthly). The editor and publisher was Mario Broglio (1891–1948), a critic and painter, who was conservative in outlook. The first number contained articles by Carrà, de Chirico, and Savinio setting forth the ideals of Metaphysical Painting. It published articles on Cubism and De Stijl but the main tenor of the journal—supported by Carrà and de Chirico—was in favour of a return to the Italian classical tradition of naturalism and fine craftsmanship, and European avant-garde movements were criticized for forsaking the principles of that tradition. Although the journal was not published after Mussolini came to power in 1922 this policy coincided closely with much of the official art of the Fascist period.
See also Neoclassicism.
Subjects: Art — Literature.