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value-added-theory of collective behaviour


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The theory that collective behaviour develops only when several elements are present in a social situation. Each element adds to the likelihood of collective behaviour occurring, but all must be present for it to occur. The elements are structural strain (perceived or real social conflicts); structural conduciveness (an acceptance by the collective, such as a crowd, that their grievance cannot be resolved through the normal channels); a shared belief about how to respond to the situation together with precipitating factors, which reinforce the shared belief; mobilization of participants to action by leaders and by communication among the crowd; and a lack of adequate social control.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.


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