(lit. ‘moving in the forest’?)
In the Rāmāyaṇa (and elsewhere), vānara is the term normally translated as ‘monkey’, indicating Sugrīva, Hanumān, Vālin, etc.; the vānaras are therefore the members of the monkey army raised to assist Rāma in his attack on Laṅkā. According to some, however, the term should be taken as referring to a forest-dwelling tribal people.