(b Paris, 1728; d Paris, 19 May 1799). French cabinetmaker. He became a maître-ébéniste on 6 February 1755 and about this time he took over the workshop of his father, François Vandercruse. He stamped his work r.v.l.c. He moved with ease from the Louis XV to the Neo-classical style and mastered all types of marquetry: geometric, floral (e.g. secrétaire à abattant, c. 1770; Paris, Petit Pal.) and a trellis design known as ‘à la Reine’ on a citrus-wood ground (London, V&A). He also used mahogany veneering (Paris, Mus. Carnavalet) and porcelain from the factory of Sèvres to embellish some secrétaires (e.g. New York, Met.) and many small tables (e.g. work-table, c. 1760; London, Wallace). His furniture, while often ingenious, displays great rigour and elegance.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.