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(Nederlandsche Vereeniging voor Ambachts en Nijveheidskunst, 1904–42)

VANK (the Netherlands Association for Crafts and Industrial Art) was established in 1904 in order to give better representation to those working in craft and design. The main objective was to promote the development of the crafts and ‘industrial art’ alongside the interests of its maker‐designers. However, ideological cracks soon appeared in the association's bringing together of craft‐based and industrial interests. VANK's philosophy was promoted through its magazine De Jonge Kunst (The New Art) and, like the Deutscher Werkbund, a series of Yearbooks published, with state support, between 1919 and 1931. It also promoted design through mounting its own exhibitions at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, both before the First World War and in the 1930s, and representation at industrial exhibitions. It also did much to influence the design content of Dutch displays at international exhibitions. Like its British counterpart, the Design and Industries Association, VANK was characterized by confusion about the extent to which it fully embraced modern manufacturing processes and the exploration of new materials and abstract forms. Although closer relationships with industry emerged in the 1930s, the VANK came to an end in 1942.

Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

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