A banded layer of silt and sand deposited annually in lakes, especially near to ice sheets. The coarse, paler material is deposited in summer; the finer, darker material in winter. One varve consists of one light band and one dark band. Varves can be counted to calculate the age of glacial deposits (varve analysis, also called varve chronology or varve count). Since the pattern of thicknesses of successive varves is often distinctive, correlations can be made between widely separated deposits, using the same principle as that of dendrochronology.
Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.