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The figure of a person (puruṣa) bound diagonally into a square or quadrangle (referred to as a maṇḍala), representing the ground plan for a building, particularly a temple. The Vedic gods, with Brahmā at the centre, are supposed to be pressing the puruṣa into the ground, the whole presenting a divinely appointed template for the ordered construction of the building. The geometry is worked out in considerable detail in Vāstuśāstra.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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