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A sovereign state in Rome, the headquarters of the Holy See

The Vatican is a 44-hectare enclave on the banks of the River Tiber in Rome. This is a territorial state which is the headquarters of the Holy See, the central government of the Roman Catholic Church.

The head of state is the Pope, but most of the temporal duties, including international relations, are the responsibility of the secretary of state, currently Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone. The Vatican City is administered by a governor.

Those who live and work within the Vatican become citizens. Some 3,000 other workers commute in daily from Rome. Almost everything needed within the Vatican has to be imported. But the Vatican has its own diplomatic service, currency, radio station, and daily newspaper. The Swiss Guard are responsible for internal security.

The Roman Catholic Church derives its income from members’ contributions, an extensive investment portfolio, and properties all over the world. These are administered by the Institute for Religious Works. In 2007, the Vatican's expenditure was $373 million, of which around $70 million was contributed by Catholic dioceses around the world.

People:783. Italian, Swiss, and many others, speaking Italian and Latin.

Government:Monarchical-sacerdotal. Head of state: Pope Benedict XVI

Economy:GDP per capita: data not available. Currency: Euro. Main exports: stamps, religious mementos

Subjects: Archaeology.

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