(b St Petersburg, 25 Feb. 1910; d St Petersburg, 11 Jul. 1991)
Russian dancer, teacher, and ballet mistress. She studied at the St Petersburg (Leningrad) Ballet School, a pupil of Maria Romanova and Vaganova. Upon graduation in 1928 she joined the GATOB (later the Kirov) where she became a leading ballerina. She created the title role in Vaganova's new staging of Esmeralda (1935), the role of Florine in Zakharov's Lost Illusions, the title role in Bourmeister's Tatyana (1947), and roles in Chabukiani's Heart of the Hills (1938) and Laurencia (1939). She was the first Soviet ballerina to tour abroad when she and Chabukiani went to the US in 1934. She retired from the stage in 1953. She taught (1950–70) at the Leningrad Ballet School, which she also directed (1952–4). She was rehearsal director of the Kirov Ballet (1954–71). She also wrote several books about dance, including I am a Dancer (1964) and Of the Things I Value Most (Leningrad, 1984).