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Any one of a group of six categories of texts regarded as supplementary to the Veda, i.e. designed to ensure the correct performance of Brahmanical ritual. Partly in sūtra form, they probably started to appear from around the 5th century bce. The six categories are composed of texts dealing with Śikṣā (phonetic analysis), Vyākaraṇa (grammar), Chandas (metre and prosody), Nirukta (etymological analysis), Jyotiṣa (astronomy, astrology, and mathematics), and Kalpa (ritual and dharma).

Subjects: Hinduism.

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