(b. 19 Mar. 1893, d. 30 Mar. 1979).
President of Ecuador 1934–5, 1944–7, 1952–6, 1960–1, 1968–72 Born in Quito and educated as a lawyer, he dominated Ecuadorian politics for fifty years. His success was based on his charisma and his populism, which enabled him as a Conservative to appeal to the liberal bourgeoisie, as well as to the petty bourgeoisie and the popular masses, who appreciated the extensive public works he realized. However, he remained at heart a representative of the conservative oligarchy, so that he failed to carry out any meaningful social reforms, attempting to repress left‐wing protests against deteriorating living conditions.
Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).