(b Le Roncole, 10 Oct. 1813; d Milan, 27 Jan. 1901)
Italian composer. He wrote no full ballet scores although several of his operas contain ballet sequences, especially those he revised for Paris. These include Jérusalem (or I lombardi, Paris, 1847), Les Vêpres siciliennes (Paris, 1855), Il trovatore (Paris, 1857), Macbeth (Paris, 1865), Don Carlos (Paris, 1867), Aida (Cairo, 1871), and Otello (Paris, 1894). Peter Anastos choreographed the mock Verdi ballet La Troviatara for Les Ballets Trockadero de Monte Carlo. The Four Seasons ballet from Vêpres siciliennes is often performed as a separate ballet; versions include those by MacMillan (Royal Ballet, 1975) and Robbins (New York City Ballet, 1979). His operas have inspired several ballet adaptations, including Filippo Termanini's Rita Gauthier (La traviata, Turin, 1857) and Page's Revanche (Il trovatore, 1951) and Camille (La traviata, 1957). Ballets using Verdi's music include Cranko's The Lady and the Fool (arr. Mackerras, Sadler's Wells Theatre Ballet, 1954) and Prokovsky's The Three Musketeers (arr. G. Woolfenden, Australian Ballet, 1980).