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Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky

(1863—1945)


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(1863–1945)

A Russian-Ukrainian mineralogist and geochemist who, in his 1926 book The Biosphere, popularized the term biosphere, coined in 1885 by Eduard Suess, postulating that life is the geological force that shapes the Earth and that the presence in the atmosphere of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide is due to the action of living organisms, ideas developed further in the Gaian hypothesis.

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation.


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