Is a concept that describes a workplace where different levels in the organization can be distinguished by the particular characteristics of the employees at that level. For example, if all the sewing machine operators in a clothing factory were women and all the supervisors were men, then it could be described as being vertically segregated by sex. Such a pattern of lower levels in the hierarchy dominated by women and management levels composed mainly of men is typical of vertical segregation. However, the term can also apply to other characteristics. For example, there might be age segregation in a financial consultancy where all the financial advisers were in their twenties and the managers/partners in their forties; or race segregation in an electrical retail outlet where all the sales staff were Asian and the management team white. Social class is also an important determinant of vertical segregation. [See horizontal segregation.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.