Romano‐British town, capital of the Catuvellauni, predecessor of St Albans (Herts.). In the late Iron Age Verulamium was a major oppidum. The Catuvellauni seem to have been pro‐Roman and after only brief military presence the new Verulamium started to develop. By the time of its destruction by Boudicca in ad 60 it had a small street‐grid and Roman‐style buildings. By 79 it was able to dedicate its elaborate new forum and in due course acquired public baths, a theatre and temple complex, a macellum (covered market), and monumental arches. Verulamium was the site of the martyrdom of Alban. Bishop Germanus of Auxerre visited his shrine in 429, and the present cathedral may perpetuate its site.
Subjects: Arts and Humanities.