vexillation fortress

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A term applied to large Roman forts of between 6.4 ha and 12.0 ha which were occupied on a temporary basis by campaigning forces of between 2500 and 4000 troops. Defined by a single rampart and one or more outer ditches such forts have a characteristically rectangular outline with rounded corners. Most contain evidence of internal buildings because although temporary in the overall scheme of things most were in fact occupied for several seasons. They are frequently recognized through aerial photography.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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