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Vidyāpati


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(14th century ce)

A Vaiṣṇava bhakti poet and playwright. A brahmin based in the court of King Śivasiṃha in Mithilā, he composed lyric devotional sequences (padāvalī) about the longing of Rādhā and the gopīs for Kṛṣṇa, modelled on the Gītagovinda of Jayadeva and following the conventions of court poetry, but using Maithilī, a north Indian vernacular which bridges Hindi and Bengali. He also wrote in Sanskrit and Apabhraṃśa. Literary historians regard him as an important link between Jayadeva and later bhakti poets such as Caitanya.

Subjects: Hinduism.


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