Two revisions of the Treaty of Trianon in Hungary's favour, mediated by the German and Italian Foreign Ministers, Ciano and Ribbentrop, in an attempt to draw Hungary closer to the Axis Powers at a time of growing European tension. The first Vienna Award of 2 November 1938 returned to Hungary the region of Felvidék in southern Slovakia, which had a Magyar‐speaking population. By the second Vienna Award of 30 August 1940, Hungary gained some two‐thirds of the long‐disputed Transylvania from Romania. Hungary was obliged to return the territorial gains made in both agreements in the Paris Peace Treaties of 10 February 1947.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Second World War.